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优发国际CHENGDOUSHENGWUSUOFAXIANZHENGCEYINGXIANGLIZHUDAOXINANSENLINHUOZAIBINGHUIZHILINHUOYUJINGSHIKONGZUJITU

文章来源:优发国际_优发国际官方登录

  SENLINHUOZAISHIYIZHONGTUFAXINGQIANG、POHUAIXINGDA、CHUZHIJIUZHUJIAOWEIKUNNANDEZAIHAI。HUOZAIDUISENLINSHENGTAIXITONGYOUFAGUOJIGONGNENGCHANSHENGSHENYUANYINGXIANG,BINGYINGXIANGYIXILIESHENGTAIXITONGZUFENJIEGOUHESHENGTAIGUOCHENG。TAJISHIJIEGEDISENLINDAILAIYOUHAI、JUYOUHUIMIEXINGDEHOUGUO。JINGUANDANGJINSHIJIEKEJIFAZHANRIXINYUEYI,DANRENLEIDUISENLINHUOZAICHENGYIN、SHIKONGFENBU、YUJINGQUESHANGWEIQUDEZHANGZUJINBU。 

  XINANDIQUSHIYOUFAGUOJIGUOSHENGTAIXITONGFUZADUOYANG,SHENGWUDUOYANGXINGHESHUIZIYUANDENGZIRANZIYUANZUIWEIFENGFUDEDIQU,YESHIYOUFAGUOJIGUOZHANGJIANGLIUYU、ZHUJIANGLIUYUYIJIXINANZHUHEDEYUANTOUJISHANGYOUQU。ZHONGGUOXINANDIQUYONGYOUSHIJIESHANGZUIDUOYANGHUADESENLIN,GONGYANGZHECHAOGUO29,000ZHONGZHIWU(TEYIZHIWUZHAN60%),SHICHAOGUO80%DEZHONGGUOBINWEIWUZHONGDESENLINQIXIDI(JUGUOJIZIRANBAOHULIANMENG(IUCN)HONGSEMINGDAN),TONGSHI,ZHEILIHAISHI25GESHAOSHUMINZUJUJUDI。XINANDIQUSENLINBUJINWEIJUMINTIGONGDALIANGZIYUAN、WEIDALIANGYESHENGDONGWUTIGONGJIJIAQIXIDI,HAIZAIQUANZHONGGUONAIZHIZHENGGEDONGNANYADEQIHOUDIAOJIE、FENGFANGSHAGU、 SHUIYUANHANYANG、 SHUITUBAOCHI、KONGQIJINGHUAZHONGQIDAOJIQIZHONGYAODEZUOYONG, DUIYUWEIXIYOUFAGUOJIGUOHUADONG、HUANANNAIZHIDONGNANYADESHENGTAIJISHEHUIJINGJIANQUANQIZHEZHONGYAODEZUOYONG,SHIYOUFAGUOJIGUOZUIWEIZHONGYAODESHENGTAIPINGZHANGZHIYI。RANER,XINANDIQUYESHIYOUFAGUOJIGUOLINHUOGAOFAQUYU,RU 2000NIANZHI2015NIAN,SICHUANFASHENGSENLINHUOZAI4,914CI,HUILINMIANJIDA53,608GONGQING;YUNNANFASHENGSENLINHUOZAI6,763CI,HUILINMIANJIDA169,831GONGQING。SENLINHUOZAIBUJINDUIRENMINQUNZHONGSHENGMINGCAICHANZAOCHENGZHONGDAWEIXIE,ERQIEPOHUAIZIYUAN、SHANGHAILINNEIDEDONGWU,JIANGDISENLINDEGENGXINNENGLI,ZAOCHENGSHENGTAIXITONGYOUFAGUOJIGONGNENGSHOUSUN,SHENERDAOZHISHENGTAIHUANJINGSHIQUPINGHENG,ZAOCHENGYANZHONGDESHENGTAIZAINAN,WEIXIEDAOYOUFAGUOJIGUOSHEHUI、JINGJI、SHENGTAIANQUAN。JUTONGJI,XINANDIQUJINSHINIANYICHAMINGHUOYINDESENLINHUOZAIZHONG,RENWEIYUANYINYINFADEZHAN97%YISHANG;QIEXINANDIQUSENLINHUOZAIPUJIUKUNNANZHONGZHONG, 2019NIAN,SICHUANLIANGSHANMULIXIANSENLINHUOZAIZAOCHENG30MINGPUHUORENYUANXISHENG;2020NIAN,LIANGSHANXICHANGSHISENLINHUOZAIYOUZAOCHENG19MINGPUHUORENYUANXISHENG、3MINGPUHUODUIYUANZHONGSHANG,YOUMINFANGSHAOHUI,JIRENMINQUNZHONGSHENGMINGCAICHANANQUANZAOCHENGZHONGDASUNSHI。TONGSHI,XINANDIQULINHUOCHENGXIANSHANGSHENGQUSHI,RU2020NIAN3YUESICHUANSHENGFASHENGSENLINHUOZAI42QI,TONGBIZENGFUDA163%。YISHANGZHONGZHONG,DOUSHIDESENLINHUOZAISHIKONGFENBUTEZHENGJIQIQUDONGLI、LINHUOSHIKONGYUJINGTUHUIZHICHENGWEIJIDAIJIEJUEDEWENTI,DANMUQIANQUEFAXINANDIQUSENLINHUOZAIFENGXIANZUJIJILINHUOSHIKONGFENBUZHUDAOYINZIDEXIANGGUANYANJIU。 

优发国际  MUQIANYIYOUDEYANJIUFAXIANJUEDINGSENLINHUOZAIFASHENGDELIANGGEYINSUSHISHENGWUWULIYINSUHERENWEIRAODONGYINSU。SHENGWUWULIYINSU,BAOKUOZHIBEILEIXING、TURANGLEIXING、DIXINGHETIANQITIAOJIAN(WENDU、JIANGSHUI、SHUIQIYA、FENGSU、TAIYANGFUSHEDENG);ERRENWEIRAODONGYINSUZEKEYITONGGUOYINHUOXINGWEI、JIAOYUTAREN、HULINGUANLIHEGAIBIANTUDIFUGAILAIYINGXIANGQUYUHUOZAIFENBU。CIWAI,RENWEIRAODONGJUYOUSHIJIANWEIDU,JICHUNJIHUOYUEDUJIAOGAO,DONGJIHUOYUEDUJIAODI。RANER,SHENGWUWULIYINSUHERENWEIYINSUDUISENLINHUOZAIDEXIANGDUIZHONGYAOXINGHEXIANGHUZUOYONGSHANGWEIDEDAOCHONGFENYANJIU,GENGWUFATONGGUOZHEIXIEYINSUDUIYIFASHENGLINHUOJINXINGSHIKONGYUJING。TONGSHI,YOUYANJIUZHICHUSENLINFANGHUOZHENGCEKENENGSHISENLINHUOZAIGUANLIDEZHONGYAOQUDONGYINSU,TEBIESHIZAIRENKOUMIDUDA、WENHUABUTONGYIJIQIHOUBIANHUADEDIQU。DANSHIZAIQUANQIUGUANYUSENLINFANGHUOZHENGCEDUISENLINHUOZAIYINGXIANGDEYANJIURENGRANJIAOSHAO,KECANKAO、KELIANGHUADESENLINFANGHUOZHENGCEZHIBIAOQUESHI。  

  ZONGSHANG,MUQIANSENLINHUOZAIYANJIUZHUYAOYOUYIXIASIGEWENTIKUNRAOZHEXUEZHEHEJUECEZHE: (1)RUHEJIYUXINANDIQUSENLINHUOZAILISHISHUJUHEQUDONGYINSUYUCEBUTONGSHIJIANCHIDUXIADESENLINHUOZAIYIFAKONGJIANFENBUBINGGENJUCIHUIZHISENLINHUOZAIYUJINGZUJITU?(2) SHENGWUWULIYINSUHERENWEIGANRAOYINSUDUILINHUOFASHENGDEXIANGDUIZHONGYAOXING?(3)SENLINFANGHUOZHENGCESHIFOUSHILINHUOFASHENGDEGUANJIANQUDONGYINSU?(4)RUHELIANGHUASENLINFANGHUOZHENGCEDUILINHUODEYINGXIANG? 

优发国际  WEIJIEJUEYISHANGWENTI,ZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANCHENGDOUSHENGWUYANJIUSUOSHENGWUDUOYANGXINGYUSHENGTAIXITONGYOUFAGUOJILINGYUDIBIAOGUOCHENGYUSHENGTAIXITONGGUANLIXIANGMUZUXIONGQINLI、LUOXIAOJINDENGYUSICHUANNONGYEDAXUE、ZHONGSHANDAXUEJIQUANQIUDUOJIAYANJIUJIGOUHEZUO,YIXINANDIQUSENLINWEIYANJIUDUIXIANG,YINGYONGZUIDASHANG(Maxent)SUANFAYUCESENLINHUOZAIFENGXIANDENGJISHIKONGFENBU,CHUANGZAOXINGDEKAIFACHUSENLINFANGHUOZHENGCEYINGXIANGLIDEXIANGGUANLIANGHUAZHIBIAO,JIEJUELEGUOQULINHUOGUIYINYANJIUZHONGCANCHAPIANDADEWENTI,BINGTONGGUORONGYUFENXI(RDA)QUEDINGDUODA55GESENLINHUOZAIQUDONGYINSU(BAOKUOSENLINFANGHUOZHENGCE、RENWEIGANRAO、QIHOU、DILIDIXING、ZHIBEIJITURANGLEIXINGDENGYINZI)DUIQIFASHENGDEGONGXIAN。CIWAI,LIYONGJIEGOUFANGCHENGMOXING(SEMs)QUEDINGSENLINFANGHUOZHENGCE、RENWEIGANRAOHESHENGWUWULIBIANLIANGZHIJIANDEGUANXIQIANGDUJIQIDUISENLINHUOZAIFASHENGDEZHIJIEHEJIANJIEYINGXIANG。XIANGGUANYANJIUJIEGUOBIAOMING,MaxentMOXINGKEDUIZHONGGUOXINANDIQUSENLINHUOZAIFENBUJINXINGJINGZHUNYUCE,XINANDIQUKENENGFASHENGSENLINHUOZAIMIANJIWEI3.25×105 km2,ZHUYAOJIZHONGZAIYANJIUQUYUNANBUKAOJINGUOJINGQUYUYIJIYUNNAN、SICHUANJIAOJIEQUYU。SENLINHUOZAIGENGYIZAIGEGEBIANJIE(GUOJIEHESHENGJIE)DIQUFASHENG。CHUNJIYUNNANZHONGBUHECHUANDONGSENLINHUOZAIWEIXIANQUMIANJIZENGJIA。SENLINFANGHUOZHENGCESHISHIQINGKUANGHAOHUAISHISHIFOUYINFASENLINHUOZAIDEJUEDINGYINSU,QICISHISHENGWUWULIYINSUHERENWEIGANRAO,ZHEIXIEYINGBEISHIWEISHEJISENLINFANGHUOFANGANDEGUANJIANYINSU。SUIRANYINWEISHIKONGCHAYI,GEQUDONGYINSUDEDUILINHUOFASHENGGONGXIANGEBUXIANGTONG,DANDAIBIAOSENLINFANGHUOZHENGCEYINGXIANGLIDEBIANJIEZHISHU(NBD)HEZHENGCECHUANDAOZHISHU(CI)SHIZHONGSHIGUANJIANDEQUDONGBIANLIANG。RENWEIGANRAODUIHUOZAIFASHENGGAILVMEIYOUXIANZHUDEZHIJIEYINGXIANG,ERTONGGUOFANGHUOZHENGCEDERENWEIGANRAODUIHUOZAIFASHENGGAILVJIANGDIYOUXIANZHUDEZHENGXIANGYINGXIANG。JIANYIJIAQIANGSENLINFANGHUOZHENGCESHISHINENGLI,JIAQIANGDUIBIANJINGDIQU、SHAOSHUMINZUDIQU、RENKOUMIDUDIDIQU、JIAOYUCHENGDUDIDIQUJUMINDEFANGHUOXUANCHUANJIAOYU,TIGAODANGDIJUMINDUISENLINFANGHUOZHENGCEDERENZHIBINGSHIZHIZUNXUN。 

优发国际  ZIRENLEIXUEHUIYONGHUOYILAI,YIGUOQU50WANNIAN,ZAIZHEIQIJIAN,SENLINHUOZAISHIZHONGRUYINGSUIXING。DANYOUYUJINNIANLAIQIHOUBIANHUA、RENKOUZENGZHANG、JINGJI、SHEHUIFAZHAN,SENLINHUOZAIYUELAIYUEPINFAN、ZAOCHENGDESUNSHIYUELAIYUEDA,HUIDALINHUOSHIKONGFENBUTEZHENGJIQIZHUDAOYINSUDENGWENTI、SHISHILINHUOYUJINGBIANDEWUYIFUJIADEZHONGYAO。BENYANJIUTONGGUOBUTONGSUANFAHUIZHICHUBUTONGJIJIEXINANDIQUSENLINHUOZAIKONGJIANFENBUYUJINGTU,WEIGAIDIQUSENLINFANGHUOTIGONGLEANZHAOJIJIEHUAFENDEZHONGDIANYUJINGQUYUCANKAO。TONGSHI,WEIRAOXINANDIQULINHUOFENBUSHIKONGCHAYIJIQIQUDONGLIZHEIYIGUANJIANWENTI,BENYANJIUSHOUCIFAXIANXINANDIQUSENLINHUOZAIFASHENGDEZHUKONGYINZISHISENLINFANGHUOZHENGCESHISHIXIAOGUO,TEBIEYIZHENGCEBIANJISHUAIJIANHEZHENGCECHUANDAOZHUDAO。YINCI,YOUFAGUOJIXUYAODUIBIANJING(GUOJIE、SHENGJIESHENZHISHIJIE)JUMIN、GESHAOSHUMINZUJUMIN、GEDONGNANYAGUOJIARUJINGRENYUANJINXINGXIANGGUANZHENGCEPUJIHEJIAOYU,SHIQIZUNSHOUYOUFAGUOJIGUOFALVZHENGCE,BINGYICIJIANSHAOSENLINHUOZAIFASHENG。BENYANJIUKEYIWEIBUTONGSHIQI(CHUN、DONGSENLINHUOZAIGAOFASHIQI、ZHENGNIAN)XINANDIQUYIFASHENGHUOZAIQUYUJINXINGKONGJIANYUJINGHESENLINFANGHUOZHENGCEZHIDINGYUSHIJIYINGYONGTIGONGCANKAO 。 

  GAIYANJIUHUODEGUOJIAZIRANKEXUEJIJINWEIYUANHUI(31700544)、SICHUANSHENGKEXUEJISHUTING(2020YFS0029)、ZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANXIBUZHIGUANG“XIBUQINGNIANXUEZHE”XIANGMU(2016XBZG_XBQNXZ_B_005)、ZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANSHANDISHENGTAIHUIFUYUSHENGWUZIYUANLIYONGZHONGDIANSHIYANSHI,SHENGTAIHUIFUYUSHENGWUDUOYANGXINGBAOYUSICHUANSHENGZHONGDIANSHIYANSHI(kxysws1901)、ZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANYIQISHEBEIYANFAXIANGMU(YJKYYQ20190064)YIJIZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOJIAOYUBUGUANJIANYANJIUZHONGXINXIANGMU(16JJD630011)DEZHIZHU。JINRIYI“Fire from policy, human interventions, or biophysical factors? Temporal–spatial patterns of forest fire in southwestern China”WEITIFABIAOYUForest Ecology and Management。 

   

   

  HUO,XUANLANZHIJIQUEYINDAOSENLINZOUXIANGHUIMIE(XIONGQINLI) 

  

  XINANDIQUSENLINHUOZAIYUJINGZUJITU 

   

  SENLINFANGHUOZHENGCEDUILINHUOFASHENGQUDONGJIZHI 

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